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What are the Principles of Efficiency in the Sector?

In the international sense, logistics shows a continuous development throughout the world, especially in our country. In order for the logistics sector to be more efficient and productive, it is necessary to determine policies across the country with an innovative perspective and to implement appropriate strategies and activities for these policies. In this context, energy efficiency and sustainability are important topics for logistics. For energy efficiency and sustainability, the emissions of all logistics vehicles and equipment should be modernized, with the same emissions as world standards. In addition, care should be taken to ensure that the vehicles are electric and new for model year. Considering the environmental, social and economic dimensions at the establishment stage of logistics facilities, social awareness is increased and green logistics is supported.

In order to further increase energy efficiency in road transport, it is necessary to increase the transport infrastructure integrating maritime and railway transport and road transport. In this context, increasing the number of ports and their service capabilities associated with the Mediterranean, Black Sea, Middle East and Europe transport networks will also increase energy efficiency. With the increase in the trade volume of the countries, new modes of transportation emerge. With its fast loading and unloading feature, Ro-Ro transportation is one of the transportation methods that increase energy efficiency in logistics. Ro-Ro transportation; It is one of the most preferred transportation methods in recent years, in which high-volume vehicles (such as cars, trucks, wagons, lorries) are transported by sea.

What is Sustainability in the Industry?

Sustainability, from a sectoral perspective, means responsible management of the process for the continuity of logistics. Sustainability also refers to an approach that aims to minimize environmental problems, which are a natural consequence of its continuous production in the world, and to protect natural resources and the environment. The main theme in sustainability is biodiversity, carbon and water footprint, carbon trading, carbon sequestration and ecological. Sustainability in terms of continuity is not a situation that will be possible with the existence of the enterprises themselves. Sustainability of businesses is only possible with the existence of sustainable environment, sustainable economic environment, sustainable natural environment and sustainable social environment. In this context, it is necessary to consider sustainability as society, environment and economy in general. One of the most important steps of sustainability is the efficient use of energy. Logistics actors have a great job in this regard. So, how is energy efficiency achieved in logistics?

How Do We Define Sustainable Logistics?

Transportation, which is a function of logistics, can cause harm to the sustainable environment. Businesses directly affect issues such as air and environmental pollution and climate change. 60% of the oil used in the world and 25% of the energy used is used by the transportation sector. Therefore, businesses need to continue their work with a sustainable understanding while carrying out their logistics activities. Today, by many businesses; The development of a new global carbon market system that will help decarbonize countries at the least cost within the scope of the Paris Agreement, and accordingly, the adoption of this perspective in the work and society of non-governmental organizations has been beneficial for the development of sustainable logistics today.

For sustainable logistics; Minimization of fuel consumption, selection of suitable transportation vehicles, regular maintenance and repairs of vehicles, and reduction of transportation distances are respectively important.

What Does Reverse Logistics Mean?

Reverse logistics covers all the processes of a good from the producer to the consumer, respectively. However, logistics activities should not be considered as an area that only delivers products and services from the place of production to the place of consumption. This cycle does not end with the product reaching the consumer. Reverse logistics, which aims to recycle the materials and wastes used in logistics activities, is a sub-system within green logistics and sustainability and contributes to the development of this system.

What Does Waste Management Mean in Reverse Logistics?

The activities of reverse logistics are based on some basic elements. These elements are; First of all, it consists of the determination of the products to be recovered, the materials to be collected and their collection back, the determination of the collection points, the classification by making a detailed examination, the renewal of the products, the transportation process and the control stages of the transportation process. With all these stages, reverse logistics contributes to sustainability in terms of recycling many materials that may become waste.

Return of products, resource reduction, recycling, reuse of materials, separation of waste and remanufacturing are counted among the steps of reverse logistics.

Reverse logistics is also described as the ability of businesses to use the values of their products effectively and efficiently, and their ability to be reused through recycling processes. Since reverse logistics combines environmental sustainability and logistics activities, it differs from traditional logistics activities.

What are the Benefits of Reverse Logistics?

Reverse logistics products have benefits such as recovery, increased profits, increasing customer satisfaction and improving customer relations. In addition to these benefits, the reuse of used products by adding value provides savings in cost and also contributes to profitability. In addition to the economic contributions of reverse logistics, such as contributing to the emergence of new sectors arising from reproduction, creating new business areas and creating new employment areas, it can be mentioned that it contributes to energy savings, reduction in the rate of defective products and scrap, and reduction of garbage areas.

Performance Management in the Sector

Performance management; all studies on a subject are handled within the scope of retrospective analyzes and feedbacks. The goal is to increase efficiency in the form of management in which systematic improvement takes place. Logistics performance management covers issues such as customer satisfaction, employee satisfaction and profitability. The management style, which plays a major role in the continuity of businesses, becomes more comprehensive with accurate and effective planning. Continuous improvements and R&D studies in performance management are of great importance for the sustainability of businesses.

What are the Logistics Performance Metrics?

In a wide service sector logistics sector, performance measures are carried out through different applications according to their departments. Applications such as logistics, business logistics, human resources, accounting, purchasing and supply chain are used intricately. Case studies, surveys and statistical data are heavily preferred in the creation of performance. Logistics performance criteria, in which components in different items are gathered together, are selected correctly, aiming to increase the cost and productivity ratios of companies. Multi-valuedness is essential in the formation of criteria. When each element is evaluated by topic and department, it provides the ideal environment for results to be accurate and benefit efficiency.

What are the concepts of Cost, Efficiency and Quality in Logistics?

Efficiency, which is among the factors affecting the performance of the supply chain, plays an active role in the realization of the growth targets of the companies. Efficiency, which makes decisions clearer and more realistic, also significantly affects the profit margin. The formation of continuity in foreign trade is related to efficient working order. Quality, which is effective in the completion of logistics activities, draws attention among the factors that direct the evaluations in the transportation sector. In the scoring given on a sectoral basis, an evaluation is made on the basis of quality. Flexibility, which is another factor, covers the rapid response of customer demands. It comes to the fore in issues such as the regular operation of the product development delivery process.

What is Logistics Evaluation System?

The logistics scoring system, which ensures sustainability in international trade, is important locally and regionally. The model, which stands out in cost and efficiency planning in a competitive environment, is the determining factor in the opening of enterprises to foreign markets. Every work that contributes to the logistics activities of the countries comes to the fore in the formation of the export and import balance. Consistent handling of numerical data supports the achievement of targets by meeting expectations in terms of satisfaction as well as profitability.